2 die of Nipah virus in Kerala; NIV, Pune, experts rush to Kozhikode

Seven village panchayats—Atanchery, Maruthonkara, Tiruvallur, Kuttiyadi, Kayakkodi, Villyapalli, and Kavilumpara—in Kozhikode have been declared as containment zones

Nipah Virus

Kozhikode (Kerala): Kerala’s health minister Veena George said that the Nipah virus strain detected in Kerala was that of Bangladesh variant that spreads from human to human and has a high mortality rate, though it is less infectious.

The minister made this assertion while confirming deaths of two persons infected with Nihap virus while treatment at a private hospital in Kozhikode on Tuesday.

Also Read: Dengue breaks out in Bihar; Patna worst hit, 541 hit by virus so far

Earlier in the day, Kerala chief minister Pinarayi Vijayan in a Facebook post said two people died due to infections. Of the four people whose saliva was sent for testing, two were Nipah positive and two were Nipah negative, he said.

Reports say that one adult and a child are still infected and in hospital, and more than 130 people have so far been tested positive for the virus. The virus is believed to have been transmitted to humans through direct contact with the bodily fluids of infected bats, pigs or other people, an official from Kerala’s health ministry said.

Also Read: Centre heightens bids to check lumpy virus outbreak in WB districts

Following the outbreak of Nipah infection, seven village panchayats—Atanchery, Maruthonkara, Tiruvallur, Kuttiyadi, Kayakkodi, Villyapalli, and Kavilumpara—in Kerala’s Kozhikode district have been declared as containment zones.

The teams from National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune, are likely to arrive in Kerala during the day to set up a mobile lab at Kozhikode Medical College for quick testing for Nipah and carry out survey of bats, the state government said in the assembly on Wednesday.

Causes of Nipah virus

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the Nipah virus is caused by fruit bats and is potentially fatal to humans as well as animals.

Also Read: Follow Covid like protocol to curb H3N2 virus rise: Centre to states

Transmission of the Nipah virus to humans can also happen from infected people through close physical contact, especially by contact with body fluids. Transmission through drinking of raw date palm sap, contaminated by bat urine or saliva, has also been identified.

Symptoms of Nipah virus

Along with respiratory illnesses, the virus can also cause fever, headache, cough, muscular pain, headache, fever, dizziness, and nausea.

Also Read: New Covid19 variant ‘Pirola’ sparks fear in many countries


Currently, there are no drugs or vaccines that specifically target Nipah virus infection. Nipah virus is one of the pathogens in the WHO Research & Development (R&D) blueprint of epidemic threats needing urgent R&D action. However, Ribavirin, an antiviral, may have a role in reducing mortality among patients with encephalitis caused by Nipah virus disease. Intensive supportive care with treatment of symptoms is the main approach to managing the infection in people.

Previous articleBengaluru students explore study option in Australian universities
Next articleDomestic air passenger traffic grows by 23% on Y-O-Y basis in Aug


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here